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README.md

Sceptre

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About

Sceptre is a tool to drive AWS CloudFormation. It automates the mundane, repetitive and error-prone tasks, enabling you to concentrate on building better infrastructure.

Features

  • Code reuse by separating a Stack's template and its configuration
  • Support for templates written in JSON, YAML, Jinja2 or Python DSLs such as Troposphere
  • Dependency resolution by passing of Stack outputs to parameters of dependent Stacks
  • Stack Group support by bundling related Stacks into logical groups (e.g. dev and prod)
  • Stack Group-level commands, such as creating multiple Stacks with a single command
  • Fast, highly parallelised builds
  • Built in support for working with Stacks in multiple AWS accounts and regions
  • Infrastructure visibility with meta-operations such as Stack querying protection
  • Support for inserting dynamic values in templates via customisable Resolvers
  • Support for running arbitrary code as Hooks before/after Stack builds

Benefits

  • Utilises cloud-native Infrastructure as Code engines (CloudFormation)
  • You do not need to manage state
  • Simple templates using popular templating syntax - Yaml & Jinja
  • Powerful flexibility using a mature programming language - Python
  • Easy to integrate as part of a CI/CD pipeline by using Hooks
  • Simple CLI and API
  • Unopinionated - Sceptre does not force a specific project structure

Install

$ pip install sceptre

More information on installing sceptre can be found in our Installation Guide

Migrate v1 to v2

We have tried to make the migration to Sceptre v2 as simple as possible. For information about how to migration your v1 project please see our Migration Guide

Example

Sceptre organises Stacks into "Stack Groups". Each Stack is represented by a YAML configuration file stored in a directory which represents the Stack Group. Here, we have two Stacks, vpc and subnets, in a Stack Group named dev:

$ tree
.
├── config
│   └── dev
│        ├── config.yaml
│        ├── subnets.yaml
│        └── vpc.yaml
└── templates
    ├── subnets.py
    └── vpc.py

We can create a Stack with the create command. This vpc Stack contains a VPC.

$ sceptre create dev/vpc.yaml

dev/vpc - Creating stack dev/vpc
VirtualPrivateCloud AWS::EC2::VPC CREATE_IN_PROGRESS
dev/vpc VirtualPrivateCloud AWS::EC2::VPC CREATE_COMPLETE
dev/vpc sceptre-demo-dev-vpc AWS::CloudFormation::Stack CREATE_COMPLETE

The subnets Stack contains a subnet which must be created in the VPC. To do this, we need to pass the VPC ID, which is exposed as a Stack output of the vpc Stack, to a parameter of the subnets Stack. Sceptre automatically resolves this dependency for us.

$ sceptre create dev/subnets.yaml
dev/subnets - Creating stack
dev/subnets Subnet AWS::EC2::Subnet CREATE_IN_PROGRESS
dev/subnets Subnet AWS::EC2::Subnet CREATE_COMPLETE
dev/subnets sceptre-demo-dev-subnets AWS::CloudFormation::Stack CREATE_COMPLETE

Sceptre implements meta-operations, which allow us to find out information about our Stacks:

$ sceptre list resources dev/subnets.yaml

- LogicalResourceId: Subnet
  PhysicalResourceId: subnet-445e6e32
  dev/vpc:
- LogicalResourceId: VirtualPrivateCloud
  PhysicalResourceId: vpc-c4715da0

Sceptre provides Stack Group level commands. This one deletes the whole dev Stack Group. The subnet exists within the vpc, so it must be deleted first. Sceptre handles this automatically:

$ sceptre delete dev

Deleting stack
dev/subnets Subnet AWS::EC2::Subnet DELETE_IN_PROGRESS
dev/subnets - Stack deleted
dev/vpc Deleting stack
dev/vpc VirtualPrivateCloud AWS::EC2::VPC DELETE_IN_PROGRESS
dev/vpc - Stack deleted

Note: Deleting Stacks will only delete a given Stack, or the Stacks that are directly in a given StackGroup. By default Stack dependencies that are external to the StackGroup are not deleted.

Sceptre can also handle cross Stack Group dependencies, take the following example project:

$ tree
.
├── config
│   ├── dev
│   │   ├── network
│   │   │   └── vpc.yaml
│   │   ├── users
│   │   │   └── iam.yaml
│   │   ├── compute
│   │   │   └── ec2.yaml
│   │   └── config.yaml
│   └── staging
│       └── eu
│           ├── config.yaml
│           └── stack.yaml
├── hooks
│   └── stack.py
├── templates
│   ├── network.json
│   ├── iam.json
│   ├── ec2.json
│   └── stack.json
└── vars
    ├── dev.yaml
    └── staging.yaml

In this project staging/eu/stack.yaml has a dependency on the output of dev/users/iam.yaml. If you wanted to create the Stack staging/eu/stack.yaml, Sceptre will resolve all of it's dependencies, including dev/users/iam.yaml, before attempting to create the Stack.

Usage

Sceptre can be used from the CLI, or imported as a Python package.

CLI

Usage: sceptre [OPTIONS] COMMAND [ARGS]...

  Sceptre is a tool to manage your cloud native infrastructure deployments.

Options:
  --version              Show the version and exit.
  --debug                Turn on debug logging.
  --dir TEXT             Specify sceptre directory.
  --output [yaml|json]   The formatting style for command output.
  --no-colour            Turn off output colouring.
  --var TEXT             A variable to template into config files.
  --var-file FILENAME    A YAML file of variables to template into config
                         files.
  --ignore-dependencies  Ignore dependencies when executing command.
  --help                 Show this message and exit.

Commands:
  create         Creates a stack or a change set.
  delete         Deletes a stack or a change set.
  describe       Commands for describing attributes of stacks.
  estimate-cost  Estimates the cost of the template.
  execute        Executes a Change Set.
  generate       Prints the template.
  launch         Launch a Stack or StackGroup.
  list           Commands for listing attributes of stacks.
  new            Commands for initialising Sceptre projects.
  set-policy     Sets Stack policy.
  status         Print status of stack or stack_group.
  update         Update a stack.
  validate       Validates the template.

Python

Using Sceptre as a Python module is very straightforward. You need to create a SceptreContext, which tells Sceptre where your project path is and which path you want to execute on, we call this the "command path".

After you have created a SceptreContext you need to pass this into a SceptrePlan. On instantiation the SceptrePlan will handle all the required steps to make sure the action you wish to take on the command path are resolved.

After you have instantiated a SceptrePlan you can access all the actions you can take on a Stack, such as validate(), launch(), list() and delete().

from sceptre.context import SceptreContext
from sceptre.plan.plan import SceptrePlan

context = SceptreContext("/path/to/project", "command_path")
plan = SceptrePlan(context)
plan.launch()

Full API reference documentation can be found in the Documentation

Tutorial and Documentation

Contributing

See our Contributing Guide