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Compendium of data, source code and text associated with the publication: D.Giusti et al., Beyond maps: Patterns of formation processes at the Middle Pleistocene open-air site of Marathousa 1, Megalopolis Basin, Greece, submitted to Quaternary International
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This repository contains an open licensed compendium of data (/data), source code (/src) and text (/doc) associated with the publication "Beyond maps: Patterns of formation processes at the Middle Pleistocene open-air site of Marathousa 1, Megalopolis Basin, Greece" authored by D. Giusti et al. (submitted to Quaternary International, SI: The Gates of Europe). A preprint of the manuscript is available open access on Open Science Framework (DOI: ). Refresh with published article after an embargo period of 24 months from the date the article is formally published online.

Publication abstract

Recent excavations at the Middle Pleistocene open-air site of Marathousa 1 have unearthed in one of the two investigated areas (Area A) a partial skeleton of a single individual of Palaeoloxodon antiquus and other faunal remains in spatial and stratigraphic association with lithic artefacts. In Area B, a much higher number of lithic artefacts was collected, spatially and stratigraphically associated also with faunal remains. The two areas are stratigraphically correlated, the main fossiliferous layers representing an en mass depositional process in a lake margin context. Evidence of butchering (cut-marks) has been identified on bones of the elephant skeleton, as well on elephant and other mammal bones from Area B. However, due to the secondary deposition of the main find-bearing units, it is of primary importance to evaluate the degree and reliability of the spatial association of the lithic artefacts with the faunal remains. Indeed, spatial association does not necessarily imply causation, since natural syn- and post-depositional processes may equally produce spatial association. Assessing the degree and extent of post-depositional reworking processes is crucial to fully comprehend the archaeological record, and therefore to reliably interpret past human behaviours. The present study uses a comprehensive set of spatial statistics in order to disentangle the depositional processes behind the distribution of the archaeological and palaeontological record at Marathousa 1. Preliminary results of our analyses suggest minor reworking and substantial spatial association of the lithic and faunal assemblages, supporting the current interpretation of Marathousa 1 as a butchering site.

Repository DOI


The files archived at the DOI above are associated with the publication. The files hosted at are the development versions and may have changed since the repository was published.

Repository author

D. Giusti (

Repository licences

Data: CC-BY-4.0 Copyright holder: (2017) Domenico Giusti

Source code: MIT Copyright holder: (2017) Domenico Giusti

Text: CC-BY-4.0 Copyright holders: (2017) Domenico Giusti

Session info

R version 3.4.0 (2017-04-21)

Platform: x86_64-pc-linux-gnu (64-bit)

Running under: Debian GNU/Linux 9 (stretch)

Matrix products: default BLAS: /usr/lib/libblas/ LAPACK: /usr/lib/lapack/


attached base packages: [1] stats graphics grDevices utils datasets methods base

other attached packages: [1] spatstat_1.53-2 rpart_4.1-11 nlme_3.1-131 spatstat.data_1.1-1 [5] mapproj_1.2-5 maps_3.2.0 gtools_3.5.0 maptools_0.9-2
[9] heR.Misc_0.0.8 plotrix_3.6-6 RFOC_3.4-3 CircStats_0.2-4
[13] boot_1.3-19 MASS_7.3-47 circular_0.4-93 raster_2.5-8
[17] rgdal_1.2-15 sp_1.2-5 broom_0.4.2 RColorBrewer_1.1-2 [21] ggmap_2.6.1 ggplot2_2.2.1 lattice_0.20-35

loaded via a namespace (and not attached): [1] Rcpp_0.12.13 mvtnorm_1.0-6 deldir_0.1-14 tidyr_0.7.2
[5] png_0.1-7 assertthat_0.2.0 psych_1.7.8 R6_2.2.2
[9] plyr_1.8.4 Rwave_2.4-5 spam_2.1-1 tensor_1.5
[13] RgoogleMaps_1.4.1 rlang_0.1.2 lazyeval_0.2.1 geosphere_1.5-5
[17] Matrix_1.2-10 goftest_1.1-1 proto_1.0.0 stringr_1.2.0
[21] foreign_0.8-68 polyclip_1.6-1 munsell_0.4.3 MBA_0.0-9
[25] compiler_3.4.0 pkgconfig_2.0.1 RSEIS_3.7-4 mnormt_1.5-5
[29] mgcv_1.8-17 tibble_1.3.4 dplyr_0.7.4 grid_3.4.0
[33] gtable_0.2.0 magrittr_1.5 RPMG_2.2-1 scales_0.5.0
[37] stringi_1.1.5 reshape2_1.4.2 bindrcpp_0.2 spatstat.utils_1.7-1 [41] rjson_0.2.15 tools_3.4.0 glue_1.2.0 purrr_0.2.4
[45] splancs_2.01-40 fields_9.0 jpeg_0.1-8 abind_1.4-5
[49] GEOmap_2.4-0 parallel_3.4.0 yaml_2.1.14 colorspace_1.3-2
[53] dotCall64_0.9-04 bindr_0.1

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